Our chapter on fine structure constants will be written by Bernard Carr.
Bernard Carr is a Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at Queen Mary University of London. He studied for his PhD under Stephen Hawking at the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge and the California Institute of Technology. He has held research fellowships at Trinity College, Cambridge, and the Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, and visiting professorships at Kyoto University, Tokyo University, and the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Professor Carr has written over two hundred peer-reviewed papers on general relativity, the early universe, dark matter, primordial black holes, and the anthropic principle. He edited Universe or Multiverse?, which was published by Cambridge University Press in 2007.